Vegetable Planting Monthly Calendar

January

Plant seeds of English peas, mustard greens, turnips, carrots, and radishes
Plant transplants of broccoli, cabbage, Brussel sprouts
Start potatoes
Raise tomato transplants indoors to set out after all danger of frost has passed. Choose varieties that are suitable for your area and have disease tolerance
Remember to keep mulch around your vegetable plants to conserve moisture and reduce weed problems

 

February

Sow seeds of English peas, mustard greens, turnips, beets, kale, kohlrabi, spinach, lettuce, radishes, carrots outdoors
Start seeds indoors of tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, and okra
At the end of the month organic gardeners can incorporate manure into the garden for planting in 3-4 weeks, use 20 lbs. of cow manure per 1000 sq. feet
Start herb seeds indoors in a protected area, basil, borage, chives, parsley, summer savory, and thyme, provide as much light as possible
Make sure Fall-planted strawberries are getting enough water so they produce fruit

 

March

Cool season vegetables such as mustard greens, turnips, and collards may still be planted
Plant seeds of green beans, corn, carrots, lettuce, butter beans, cucumbers, and other warm weather vegetables
Set out transplants of tomatoes and peppers, be prepared to cover in case of late frost
Mound up soil around potato stems to protect tubers from sun damage
Plant seeds or transplants of basil, oregano, dill, and lemon balm

 

April

Plant seeds of green beans, okra, squash, corn, carrots, lettuce, butter beans, and cucumbers, check seed packet or University of Florida "Vegetable Gardening Guide" for correct planting depth
Transplant tomatoes, peppers, onions, and other vegetables if you did not in March, Moisten the soil before removing the transplant from the container
Plant gourd seeds in rich organic soil one inch deep, give them plenty of room to climb
Stake tomatoes at the time of planting or soon after with a rigid stake that is at least five feet tall, this will help keep fruit off the ground

 

May

Continue planting warm weather seeds and transplants, keep the transplants shaded, plant seeds of southern peas
Cut back the stems of Irish potatoes when they die but leave the tubers in the ground about two weeks to toughen the skin, carefully dig potatoes so you do not bruise the skin, wash off with the hose and dry in the sun before storing

 

June

Plant seeds of lima beans, okra, and southern peas, also plant sweet potatoes
Root tomato suckers for a fall crop

 

July

Start broccoli, cauliflower, collards, and cabbage so you will have transplants for the fall
Fertilize peppers, okra, and other warm season vegetables so they will produce throughout the summer
When night temperatures stay in the 80's and above, blossoms of tomato, bush beans, cucumbers, and peppers may drop, if temperatures stay cooler, plants will still produce
Remember to pick cucumbers, squash, beans, okra, and peppers regularly so plants will continue producing
Blossom end rot on tomatoes or a similar rot on peppers is caused by calcium deficiency or fluctuations in soil moisture, try to keep plants evenly moist, discard rotting fruit
Remove all diseased vegetable plants or infected leaves from the garden, prevent the spread of disease by watering plants carefully at the soil level
As basil plants begin to bloom, out plants back just above a pair of leaves to encourage growth

 

August

Direct sow seeds of cucumber, onion, pepper, southern peas, pumpkin, turnips, and watermelon, select varieties that mature early in order to produce before the temperature gets too cool, watch for pests and provide water when needed
Harvest Spring-planted garlic when the tops are yellow and withered, dig the bulbs and allow to dry in a well ventilated area out of direct sun
Set out transplants of cauliflower and broccoli
Test the garden soil before planting cool season crops, add any amendments several weeks before planting
Plant tomato suckers that were rooted earlier

 

September

Prepare for your garden by incorporating organic matter into the soil, try planting vegetables in an attractive design which will add interest to your landscape
Plant seeds for radishes, beets, carrots, leafy greens, green beans, and cucumbers early in the month, choose varieties that will mature in 7-8 weeks
Plant strawberries late this month through October, choose healthy and quality transplants
Set out onions, broccoli, cabbage, collards, Brussel sprouts, and cauliflower
When planting fast maturing vegetables, make several plantings at 10-14 day intervals to have a steady harvest
Check cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower for caterpillars

 

October

Continue planting seeds of radishes, carrots beets, and leafy greens
Plant garlic cloves now for a harvest next summer, place a clove in the soil so that the pointed end is 1/2 inch below the surface and space cloves 6-8 inches apart
Herbs to plant include parsley, sage, rosemary, and thyme, rosemary will even withstand salt and wind of coastal landscapes

 

November

Continue planting seeds of English peas, snap peas, turnips, beets, spinach, carrots, and chinese cabbage
Plant transplants of broccoli, cabbage, onions, collards and Brussel sprouts
Start thinning vegetables when they reach between two and three inches in height

 

December

Continue planting seeds of mustard, beets, carrots, and radishes at the beginning of the month
Provide plants with enough water if rainfall is scarce